Accueil du Projet Agriped

Titre

Caractérisation, quantification et modélisation de l’impact de l’usage des terres sur un processus majeur d’évolution des sols : le lessivage

Characterisation, quantification and modelling of the impact of land use onto one of the major pedological processes: lessivage

Projet 2010 BLAN 605 financé par l’ANR Blanc SIMI6

ANR

Porteur du projet
Période

Novembre 2010 - octobre 2014

Présentation du projet

Résumé

Les activités humaines, et notamment l’agriculture, représentent une menace majeure pour les sols. Leur protection nécessite d’être capable de comprendre et prédire leur évolution sous l’impact des activités agricoles. Néanmoins certains processus majeurs d’évolution des sols sont encore insuffisamment décrits et quantifiés (en termes d’intensité et de cinétique) pour être modélisés. C’est le cas notamment des processus de translocation verticale de particules fines au sein d’un profil de sol : le lessivage. Il s’agit d’un processus majeur de formation des sols qui est décrit dans de nombreuses pédogenèses, mais qui est cependant rarement quantifié voire parfois même remis en question. Dans ce projet, nous proposons de travailler sur l’impact de pratiques agricoles en plein essor (réduction du travail du sol et les amendements organiques) sur le lessivage. Nous proposons d’utiliser une approche combinée terrain, expérimentations en laboratoire et modélisation. Les sites expérimentaux s’appuient sur des observatoires certifiés : essai longue durée de réduction du travail du sol de Boigneville et de l’ORE ACBB de Mons en Chaussée et d’apports de fumier et compostes de l’ORE Qualiagro. Ils permettront de quantifier l’impact de la mise en agriculture, en général, et des deux pratiques agricoles sélectionnées, en particulier, sur le lessivage et ce, grâce à une approche multi-isotopique originale. En effet, nous utiliserons des isotopes présentant la particularité d’avoir été deposés à la surface du sol et d’avoir une forte affinité avec les phases solides (14C, 137Cs, 210Pb, 206Pb/207Pb, 26Al, 10Be atmosphérique). Ainsi les redistributions en profondeur de ces éléments seront principalement liées à des redistributions de matière au sein du profil par bioturbation ou lessivage. L’analyse de ces données multi-isotopiques par une équation de convection-diffusion permettra de déconvoluer ces deux processus. La confrontation des différents isotopes permettra d’estimer la contribution de la lixiviation à la redistribution des isotopes en profondeur. Cette dernière est supposée être d’un second ordre par rapport aux processus de redistribution de matière. L’approche multi-isotopique permettra en outre d’obtenir des vitesses moyennes des différents processus considérés. Les expérimentations en conditions contrôlées au laboratoire permettront l’analyse : (1) de l’impact des conditions climatiques (intensité de pluie et teneur en eau initiale) sur le lessivage ; (2) de l’impact de la composition chimique des eaux de percolation sur la mise en suspension et la coagulation des particules ; (3) des chemins empruntés par l’eau dans les colonnes afin de quantifier la partie effective du réseau poreux, plutôt que de le considérer dans son ensemble. Ces expérimentations fourniront en outre les données d’entrée et de paramétrisation d’un modèle lessivage dérivé de modèles existants dans la littérature sur le transfert des colloïdes. Une fois paramétré, le modèle sera utilisé pour simuler les évolutions observées sur les sites expérimentaux. Enfin, dans les deux cas (essais de longue durée et lessivage expérimental) l’impact du lessivage sur l’évolution de la structure sera analysé et quantifié par analyse d’image obtenues en microscopie et part tomographie et micro-tomographie X. Ce projet permettra une meilleur compréhension et prédiction de l’évolution des sols sous contrainte anthropique ou climatique. Il permettra (1) de déterminer clairement l’importance du processus de lessivage dans l’évolution des sols; (2) de déterminer sa dynamique ainsi que celle des processus de redistribution verticale de la matière en général; (3) d’améliorer nos capacités de modélisation de l’évolution des sols.

Abstract

Human activities, notably agriculture, represent a major threat for soils. As a consequence, if we want to be able to protect soils, we have to be able to predict their future evolution under agricultural impact. However, some main soil processes are insufficiently known in terms of quantification and kinetics to be able to model them. It is notably the case of lessivage (vertical translocation of fine particles) that was described in many soils but rarely quantified. In this project, we propose to investigate, the impact of two agricultural practices, no-tillage and the use of organic amendment, on lessivage in soils in order to better characterise, quantify and model this widespread soil process. The proposed methodology combines approaches based on field characterisation, lab-experiments and modelling. The experimental sites (long-term experiment on tillage reduction in Boigneville and at the ORE ACBB of Mons en Chaussée on the use of organic input to soil at the ORE Qualiagro) will allow quantification of the impact of agriculture in general and of the two targeted agricultural practices in particular on lessivage thanks to an original approach: the multi-isotope analysis. We will analyse isotopes that are brought to the soil by its top and that strongly link to the soil phases once in the soil (14C, 137Cs, 210Pb, 206Pb/207Pb, 26Al, atmospheric 10Be). Thus isotope depth profiles are mainly due to vertical movement of matter within the soil profile due to, both, lessivage and bioturbation, redistribution under dissolved forms being supposed of secondary order. Fitting the multi-isotopic data by a diffusion-convection equation will allow quantifying the respective impact of lessivage and bioturbation on the isotope depth-profiles. Comparing the result obtained for the different isotopes will allow the estimation of the transfer in the soil of the different isotopes under soluble form. This approach will also give mean kinetics of the different considered soil processes. Lab-experiments under controlled conditions will allow the quantification of the impact of climatic conditions (rain intensity and initial soil moisture) and of the soil structure on lessivage. The impact of the chemistry of the percolating water on the particle aggregation and stability will also be studied as well as the location of the water transfer in the columns. These experiments will provide a complete dataset for testing and parameterization of a lessivage model that will be adapted from those existing in the literature on colloidal transfer. Once parameterized, the results obtained on the long-term experiment sites will be simulated. At last, in the two types of experiments (field and lab-experiments), the impact of lessivage on soil structure will be quantified by image analysis from Optical microscopy or tomography acquisitions. This project will allow a better understanding and prediction of soil evolution under external drift as human activities or climate change. It will allow for the (i) assessment of the importance of lessivage and other long term vertical redistribution of matter in soils and their role into pedogenesis; (ii) determination of their kinetics (iii) improvement the modelling skills in terms of soil evolution modelling.

Partenaires

INRA Avignon: GSE et EMMAH

Nom du laboratoire : Géochimie des sols et des eaux, GSE

Adresse
Europôle Méditerranéen de l’Arbois
Avenue Philibert – BP 80
Bâtiment Laennec – Hall D -1er Etage
13545 Aix-en-Provence cedex 04, France

Tel : 04 42 90 85 40
Fax : 04 42 90 85 17

Personnes impliquées dans le projet
Cornu Sophie (CR1), Fekiacova Zuzana (CR2), Mayor Monique (TR), Balesdent Jérome (DR1), Jagercikova Marianna (doctorante)

Nom du laboratoire: Environnement Méditerranéen et Modélisation des Agro-Hydrosystèmes, EMMAH

Adresse
UMR 1114 EMMAH INRA - UAPV
Domaine St Paul Site agroparc
84914 Avignon cedex 9, FRANCE
Tel: 04 32 72 22 10
Fax: 04 32 72 22 12

Personnes impliquées dans le projet
Michel Eric (CR2), Joelson Maminirina (MC), Sammartino Stephane (MC)

CEREGE

Nom du laboratoire : Centre Européen de Recherche et d’Enseignement des Géosciences de l’Environnement, CEREGE

Adresse
Europôle Méditerranéen de l’Arbois
Avenue Philibert – BP 80
13545 Aix-en-Provence cedex 04, France
Tel : 04 42 97 15 00

Personnes impliquées dans le projet
Basile-Doelsch Isabelle (MC), Hamelin Bruno (Prof CE), Barthelemy Wulfran (Ing. E1), Léanni Laëtitia (AI IRD), Arnold Maurice (Ingénieur/Chercheur CEA), Aumaître Georges(Ing. E2 CNRS), Keddadouche Karim (AI CNRS), Braucher Regis (CR1), Guillou Valery (ASI UPCAM), Bourlès Didier (Prof 1), Angeletti Bernard (Ing. E2), Miche Hélène (Ing. E2), Radakovich Olivier (MC), Véron Alain (CR1), Meunier Jean Dominique (DR2), Labille Jérome (CR1), Borschneck Daniel (Ing. E1), Frédéric Haurine (CDD ANR IE2)

INRA Orléans et EGC, AgrParisTech

Nom du laboratoire : UR Science du Sol, URSol

Adresse
INRA, Centre de Recherche d'Orléans
Unité de Science du Sol
2163 Avenue de la Pomme de Pin
CS 40001 ARDON
45075 ORLEANS Cédex 2
Tél. : 02.38.41.78.45

Personnes impliquées dans le projet
Samouëlian Anatja (CR2), Cousin Isabelle (CR1), Besnault Adeline (AI), Josière Olivier (TR), Renaux Bernard (TR), Giot Guillaume (AI), Colosse David (TR), Le Lay Christian (TR), Roy Alexandre (CDD ANR AI), Quénard Laurence (Thèse INRA-Région Centre puis CDD ANR IE)

Nom du laboratoire : Environnement et grandes cultures, EGC INRA-AgroParisTech

Adresse
INRA
Avenue Lucien Brétignières
78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France
Téléphone: 01 30 81 55 55
Fax: 01 30 81 55 63

Personnes impliquées dans le projet
Montagne David (MC), Gilliot Jean-Marc (MC)

LSCE

Nom du laboratoire : Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement

Adresse

Personnes impliquées dans le projet
Evrard Olivier (Chercheur CEA), Lefèvre Irène (Technicien CEA), Ayrault Sophie (Chercheur CEA), Reyss Jean-Louis (DR CNRS), Hatté Christine (Chercheur CEA)

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Production des partenaires en lien avec le projet

INRA Avignon: GSE et EMMAH

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Montagne D., Yahiaoui M., Cousin I., Le Forestier L., Cornu S., 2007. Quantification of soil volumes in the Eg & Bt-horizon of an Albeluvisol using image analysis. Can. J. Soil Sci. vol. 87, 51-59.
Montagne D., Cornu S., Bourennane H., Baize D., Ratié C., King D., 2007. Effect of agricultural practices on trace element distribution in soil. Communications in soil and Plant Analysis, 38, 473-491.
Cornu S., D. Montagne, F. Maguin, C. Le Lay, P. Chevallier, I. Cousin, 2007. Influence of human impacts on Albeluvisol analysed by X-ray microfluorescence: Relative evolution of the transforming front at the tongue scale. The Science of the Total Environment. 377, 2-3, 244-254
Néel M.C., Abdennadher A. and M. Joelson 2007 Fractional Fick's law: the direct way, Journal of Physics A: Math. Theor. 40, 8299-8314
Majdalani S., Michel E., Di Pietro L, Angulo-Jaramillo R, Rousseau M., 2007. Mobilization and preferential transport of soil particles during infiltration: A core-scale modeling approach. Water Resources Research, 43 (5)
Cornu S., Besnault A., Bermond A., 2008. Soil podzolisation induced by reforestation as shown by sequential and kinetic extractions of Fe and Al. EJSS, 59 (2): 222-232
Samouelian A. and Cornu, S., 2008. Modelling the formation and evolution of soils, a synthesis. Geoderma, 145 (3-4): 401-409.
Montagne D., Cornu S., Josière O., Le Forestier L., Daroussin J., Cousin I., 2008. Soil drainage as a factor of human-induced soil evolution: quantification of such an evolution in an Albeluvisol. Geoderma. 145 (3-4): 426-438.
Cornu, S., Samouelian, A., Phillips, J.D., 2008. Modelling pedogenesis: Purpose and overview of the Special Issue. Geoderma, 145 (3-4): 399-400.
Majdalani, S., Michel, E., Di Pietro, L. & Angulo-Jaramillo, R., 2008, Effects of wetting and drying cycles on in situ soil particle mobilization, Eur. J. Soil Sci., 59, 147-155 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2007.00964.x.
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Laveuf C., Cornu S., Baize D., Hardy M., Josière O., Drouin S., Bruand A., Juillot F., 2009. Effect of pedogenesis on zinc location in soils developed from limestones. Pedosphere, 19 (3): 292–304.
Montagne D., Cornu S., Le Forestier L., Cousin I., 2009. Soil drainage as an active agent of soil evolution: a review. Pedosphere, 19 (1): 1-13.
Frison A., Cousin, I., Montagne, D., Cornu, S, 2009. Soil hydraulic properties in relation to local rapid soil changes by field drainage: a case study. EJSS, 60: 662-670. Laveuf C. and Cornu, S., 2009. A review on the potentiality of Rare Earth Elements to trace pedogenetic processes. Geoderma, 154(1-2): 1-12
Montagne D. and Cornu S., 2010. Do we need to integrate a soil module to model climate change ? Climatic Change, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9666-3.

CEREGE

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S. Merchel, M. Arnold, G. Aumaître, L. Benedetti, D.L. Bourlès, R. Braucher, V. Alfimov, S.P.H.T. Freeman, P. Steier and A. Wallner - Towards More Precise 10Be and 36Cl Data from Measurements at the 10-14 Level: Influence of Sample Preparation - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 266(22), 4921-4926, 2008.
M.G. Klein, A. Gottdang, D.J.W. Mous, D.L. Bourlès, M. Arnold, B. Hamelin, G. Aumaître, R. Braucher, S. Merchel and F. Chauvet - Performance of the HVE 5 MV AMS System at CEREGE Using an Absorber Foil For Isobar Suppression - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 266, 1828-1832, 2008.
E.T. Brown, F. Colin and D.L. Bourlès – Quantitative Evaluation of Soil Processes Using In Situ-Produced Cosmogenic Nuclides – Comptes-Rendus Géoscience 335, 1161-1171, 2003.
N. Thouveny, D.L. Bourlès, G. Saracco, J. Carcaillet and F. Bassinot – Paleoclimatic Context of Geomagnetic Dipole Lows and Excursions in the Brunhes, Clue for Orbital Influence on the Geodynamo – Earth and Planetary Science Letters 275, 269-284, 2008.
Clément Levard, Emmanuel Doelsch, Jérôme Rose, Armand Masion, Isabelle Basile-Doelsch, Olivier Proux, Jean-Louis Hazemann, Daniel Borschneck, Jean-Yves Bottero Role of natural nanoparticles on the speciation of Ni in andosols of la Reunion, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 73, Issue 16, Pages 4750-4760, 2009.
I. Basile-Doelsch, T. Brun, D. Borschneck, A. Masion, C. Marol, J. Balesdent, Effect of landuse on organic matter stabilized in organomineral complexes: A study combining density fractionation, mineralogy and δ13C, Geoderma, Volume 151, Issues 3-4, 15 July 2009, Pages 77-86
Basile-Doelsch I., Amundson R., Stone W.E.E., Borschneck D., Bottero J.Y., Moustier S., Mineral control of carbon pools in a volcanis soil horizon, Geoderma, 137, 477-489, 2007.
Dœlsch E., Basile-Dœlsch I., Rose J., Masion A., Borschneck D., Saint Macary H. and Bottero J.Y., New combination of EXAFS spectroscopy and density fractionation for the speciation of chromium within an andosol, Environ. Sci. and Technol., 40, 7602-7608, 2006.
Razafimbelo T.M., Albrecht A., Basile-Doelsch I., Borschneck D.., Bourgeon G., Feller C., Ferrer H., Michellon R., Moussa N., Müller B., Oliver R., Razanamparany C., Seguy L., Swarc M. Effet de différents systèmes de culture à couverture végétale sur le stockage du carbone dans un sol argileux des Hautes Terres de Madagascar, Etude et Gestion de Sol, 13, 2, 2006.
I.Basile-Doelsch, Si stable isotopes in Earth surface: a review, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 88, 1-3, 252-256, 2006.
I. Basile-Doelsch, R. Amundson, W. Stone, C. Masiello, JY Bottero, F. Colin, F. Masin, D. Borscnheck, J.D. Meunier, Mineral control of soil organic carbon dynamic in an allophanic soil (La Réunion) In European Journal of Soil Science, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2005.00703.x, 56, 689-703, 2005.
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Véron A., P. Flament, M.L. Bertho, L. Alleman, A.R. Flegal, and B. Hamelin. Isotopic evidence of pollutant Pb sources in Northwestern France, Atm. Env. 33, 3377-3388, 1999.
Flament P., M.L. Bertho, K. Deboudt, A. Véron and E. Puskaric. European isotopic signatures for lead in atmospheric aerosols: a source apportionment based upon 206Pb/207Pb ratios, Sci. Total Environ. 296, 35-57, 2002
Flament P., K. Deboudt, M.L. Bertho, A. Véron and E. Puskaric. An atmospheric lead source-areas apportionment study in Europe. J. Phys. 107, 487-490, 2003.
Novak M., S. Emmanuel, M.A. Vile, Y. Erel, A. Véron, T. Paces, R.K. Wieder, M. Vanecek, M. Stepanova, E. Brizova and J. Hovorka. Origin of lead in eight Central European peat bogs determined from isotope ratios, strengths and operation times of regional pollution sources, Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 437-445, 2003.
Vilomet J.D., A. Véron, J.P. Ambrosi, S. Moustier, J.Y. Bottero and L. Chatelet-Snidaro. Isotopic tracing of landfill leachates and pollutant lead mobility in soil and groundwater. Environ. Sci. Technol. 37 (20), 4586-4591, 2003.
Miralles J., O. Radakovitch, J.K. Cochran, A. Véron and P. Masqué. Multitracer study of anthropogenic contamination records in the Camargue, southern France, Sci. Tot. Env. 320, 63-72, 2004.
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MIRALLES J ., RADAKOVITCH O., ALOISI J.C. (2005) 210Pb sedimentation rates from the northwestern mediterranean margin. Marine Geology 216, 155-167
MIRALLES J., VERON A., RADAKOVITCH O., DESCHAMPS P., TREMBLAY P., HAMELIN B. (2006) Atmospheric lead fallout over the last century recorded in Gulf of Lions sediments (Mediterranean Sea). Marine Pollution Bulletin. 52, 11, 1364-1371.
Schmidt S., Jouanneau JM, Weber O., Lecroart P., Radakovitch O., Gilbert F., Jezequel D. (2007) Sediment dynamic at the water-sediment interface of the Thau Lagoon (South France): from seasonal to century time scales using radiogenic and cosmogenic nuclides. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 72, 3, 534-542.
Labille J., Masion A., Ziarelli F., Rose J., Brant J., Villiéras F., Pelletier M., Borschneck D.. Wiesner M. R., Bottero J.-Y., 2009. Hydration and dispersion of C60 nanoparticles in aqueous systems: the nature of water-fullerene interactions. Langmuir, (19) : 11232-11235
Brant J., Labille J., Robichaud C., Wiesner M. Fullerol, 2007. Cluster Formation in Aqueous Solutions: Implications for environmental release. Journal of Colloid and Interface Sciences, 314 (1): 281 - 288
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Labille J., Thomas F., Bihannic I. Santaella C., 2003. Destabilisation of montmorillonite suspension by polysaccharide and Ca2+. Clay Minerals, 38, p. 173

URSol, INRA Orléans et EGC, AgrParisTech

Cousin I., Nicoullaud B., Coutadeur C., 2003. Influence of stones on the water retention and water infiltration in a calcareous soil containing rock fragments. Catena, 53, 97-114.
Cousin I., Malam Issa O., Le Bissonnais Y, 2005. Microgeometrical characterisation and percolation threshold evolution of a soil crust during its formation. Auzet A.-V., van Dijk P., Kirkby M.J. [Eds]. Surface characterisation for soil erosion forecasting. Catena, 62, 173-188.
Cornu S., D. Montagne, F. Maguin, C. Le Lay, P. Chevallier, I. Cousin, 2007. Influence of human impacts on Albeluvisol analysed by X-ray microfluorescence: Relative evolution of the transforming front at the tongue scale. The Science of the Total Environment. 377, 2-3, 244-254
Montagne D., Yahiaoui M., Cousin I., Le Forestier L., Cornu S., 2007. Quantification of soil volumes in the Eg & Bt-horizon of an Albeluvisol using image analysis. Can. J. Soil Sci. vol. 87, 51-59.
Montagne D., Cornu S., Bourennane H., Baize D., Ratié C., King D., 2007. Effect of agricultural practices on trace element distribution in soil. Communications in soil and Plant Analysis, 38, 473-491.
Samouëlian A., Vogel H.J., Ippisch O. 2007 Upscaling hydraulic conductivity based on the topology of the sub-scale structure. Advances in Water Resources, 30, 1179-1189. Doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2006.10.011
Vogel H.-J., Samouëlian A., Ippisch O. 2007 Multi-Step and Two –Step experiments in heterogeneous porous media to evaluate the revelance of dynamic effects. Advances in Water Resources. Doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2007.08.03
Cornu S., Besnault A., Bermond A., 2008. Soil podzolisation induced by reforestation as shown by sequential and kinetic extractions of Fe and Al. EJSS, 59 (2): 222-232
Cornu, S., Samouelian, A., Phillips, J.D., 2008. Modelling pedogenesis: Purpose and overview of the Special Issue. Geoderma, 145 (3-4): 399-400.
Montagne D., Cornu S., Josière O., Le Forestier L., Daroussin J., Cousin I., 2008. Soil drainage as a factor of human-induced soil evolution: quantification of such an evolution in an Albeluvisol. Geoderma. 145 (3-4): 426-438.
Samouëlian A., Cornu S., 2008 Modelling the formation and evolution of soils, a synthesis. Geoderma, 145, 401-409. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.01.016
Montagne D., Cornu S., Le Forestier L., Cousin I., 2009. Soil drainage as an active agent of soil evolution: a review. Pedosphere, 19 (1): 1-13.
Frison A., Cousin, I., Montagne, D., Cornu, S, 2009. Soil hydraulic properties in relation to local rapid soil changes by field drainage: a case study. EJSS, 60: 662-670.
Montagne D. and Cornu S., 2010. Do we need to integrate a soil module to model climate change ? Climatic Change, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9666-3.

LSCE

S. Détriché, S.Rodrigues, J.J. Macaire, P. Bonté, J.G. Bréhéret, J.P. Bakyono, P. Jugé. Caesium-137 in sandy sediments of the River Loire (France): Assessment of an alluvial island evolving over the last 50 years. Geomorphology, In Press, 2009.
S. Follain, C. Walter, P. Bonté, D. Marguerie, I. Lefèvre. A-horizon dynamics in a historical hedged landscape. Geoderma 150, 3-4, 334-343, 2009.
M.-F. Le Cloarec, P.H. Bonté, I. Lefèvre, J.M. Mouchel, S. Colbert. Distribution of 7Be, 210Pb and 137Cs in watersheds of different scales in the Seine River basin: Inventories and residence times. Science of The Total Environment 375, 1-3, 125-139, 2007.
M.-F. Le Cloarec, P.H. Bonté, L. Lestel, I. Lefèvre, S. Ayrault - Sedimentary record of metal contamination in the Seine River during the last century – Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, In Press, 2009.
Hatté C., Hodgins G., Jull AJT., Bishop B. and Tesson B. (2008) Marine chronology based on 14C dating on diatoms proteins. Marine Chemistry. 109, 143-151.
Hatté C. and Jull, A.J.T. (2007). 14C on plant macrofossil. in Elias, S.A. (ed.) “Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science”, vol. 1, pp. 453-456, Elsevier publisher, Amsterdam.
Hatté C., Poupeau J.-J., Tannau J.-F., and Paterne M. (2003) Development of an automated system for preparation of organic samples. Radiocarbon 45(3), 421-430.
Hatté C., Morvan J., Noury C., and Paterne M. (2001) Is classical Acid-Alkali-Acid treatment responsible for contamination? An alternative proposition. Radiocarbon 43(2A), 177-182.
Hatté C., Pessenda L. C. R., Lang A., and Paterne M. (2001) Development of an accurate and reliable 14C chronology for loess sequences. Application to the loess sequence of Nußloch (Rhine valley, Germany). Radiocarbon 43(2B), 611-618.


start.txt · Dernière modification: 2013/04/10 12:12 par amalgoyre